UTRECHT HOUSE

UTRECHT HOUSE

SHENZHEN QIANHAI ISLAND

Invited competition

Program: landscape and urban design for the artificial island above the underwater connection between highway S3 and Hubin W Rd

Total site area: 13.5 ha

Client: The People’s Government of Bao’an District in Shenzhen & Urban Planning, Land & Resources Commission of Shenzhen Municipality

Location: Shenzhen, China

Year: 2018 – 2019

Team: NAUTA architecture & research, VTLab London, Metrostudio Shenzhen

 

How to mitigate the negative effects of an infrastructure based on car traffic and design it to rather adapt nature to the transformations that climate change will bring?

The Shenzhen government is planning to rethink a relatively new portion of the Highway along the Pearl river delta. This infrastructure will soon intersect another highway, which entering the bay, will turn into the Shenzhen-Zhuhai bridge.

In order to minimize the environmental impact of this structure, the government is planning to move the highways’ intersection underwater.
Feasibility studies have been carried out in order to evaluate the impact of such structure, as well as the costs and benefits of different structural typologies.

We have been invited to envisage the potential for transforming this artificial island from a mere technical ventilation shaft into a landscape landmark.
We entered this challenge trying minimizing the impact of the infrastructure and design it as a self-sustainable cluster; An island capable of producing its own energy, collect and discharge rain water, use it for its natural cycles, reuse and compost its waste, react to water rise by defending the interior landscape, while leaving its outer boundary to flood when necessary, produce algae for water phytodepuration and as natural fertilizer; An enclosed natural circle, as much as possible not depending on the depletion of external energy sources.

Our project creates a thematic island that includes leisure, nature and sustainable energies production. An underground parking makes the upper landscape accessible only by boat, feet, bike or small electric vehicles.

SHANGHAI – MAX TRANSFORMER

 

 

Project name: ELAB 未来人居原型空间产品研发设计任务书
ELAB Future Living Prototype Space

Status: Delivered patent, design development

Program: Flexible housing units for urban dwellers in China

Total area: Type A – 97 sqm + 50 terrace; Type B – 77 sqm + 14 sqm terrace

Budget: confidential

Client: Shanghai Ding Zhuo Network Technology Co., Ltd – 上海定卓网络科技有限公司

Location: Shanghai, Beijing, Chongqing. China

Design: 2017/2018

Team: NAUTA architecture & research: Valentina Cella, Anastasia Celli, Maurizio Scarciglia, Francesca Vanelli, Tianyi Xue, Nur Zayat

The Max Transformer

Cities are becoming very big. Thy are so enormous that living in a metropolis means today living in a constellation of cities, where we might live in one and work in another, basing our lifestyle on traditional commuting patterns.

Cities are a good invention, many say. They bring together smart minds, they boost the economic power of a region, they generate opportunities. Cities cluster immense numbers of people in one single spot, emptying the countryside from its human power and micro economy. Nevertheless, everybody is attracted to the city and all trends predict massive growth in urban population, with an exponent need for sustainable housing, for new complex and extended family patterns.

Nowadays spend the biggest chuck of our existence in between production and consumption activities. We wake up in the morning and move to our office where we spend almost the whole day, till the time we grab some grocery and go back home to spend the few  left hours of the day with our beloved ones. This lifestyle has generated a vast opinion on the need to reduce our housing to minimum space, where we can satisfy the essential needs of privacy and rest, while externalizing all social activities outside, in a square, a bar, a restaurant, a club. Cities like Tokyo or Hong Kong are the perfect example of this lifestyle. Because of the insane costs for housing, here people can live into units as small as 15sqm, spending most of their time outside and reducing their belongings to the very essential.

These housing models offer very little space to kitchen and living, making sure that the inhabitants have the truly essential base for living: a shelter to rest and sleep. When looking at the latest trends though, we discover a multitude of lifestyles blossoming in our society. The evolution of the employment market, the switch from traditional long term employment to a more dynamic work environment, according to which youngsters are very encouraged to embrace entrepreneurial activities or multiple employment, consultancy and freelancing, are all factors that will deeply transform how we live.

It is not new the possibility to combine living and working in the same place, extending the brief of the architect when designing a house. Remote working and easy web communication make even more sustainable working at home, since people can drastically cut commuting time and maximize their time working and living in one place. This model brings as well the benefit of reinforcing so far threatened familiar relationships; it improves the quality of life of people otherwise forced to spend hours in public transport every day, while cutting the number of cars moving in our cities, thus reducing pollution.

So what will the future of urban dwelling look like? Will it shrink to minimum size living, or will it host all necessary spaces that a human being needs during the day? Will it externalize social activities or embed work and entertainment in one single place? Perhaps the answer to this doubt will translate in a system capable to absorb different wishes and therefore the housing market will gradually offer the flexibility to customize every dwelling according to the specific needs of its inhabitants.

From hyper fragmented dwellings we move to loft models, where the wishes of the buyer can potentially customize the same units into very different solutions. How to accommodate this flexibility, how to make it technologically smart, economically sustainable, are design tasks for the coming future. One more issue to consider is the multi-functionality of the residential clusters, in order to offer all necessary amenities to the local inhabitants. These functions space from office spaces to retail and entertainment facilities, such as shops, restaurants, gym, spa, as well as cultural venues, transforming the new real estate developments into complex leasable machines. The multi-functional developments can benefit from the flexible program, in order to absorb possible shifts of market and therefore become buffers for the developers’ investments. The mix of functions cuts as well on distances, favouring the sustainable mobility in the city. In this perspective, mixed use developments, combined with housing, are to be incentivized.

We could summarize the key arguments driving the future urban dwelling as being:

– exponential growth of urban population, which will increase the need of housing stock

– the transformation of familiar patterns, with a growing number of families composed by one or two persons.

– Climate change and the impact of fossil fuel will affect tremendously new lifestyles, drove by the urgency for new sustainable forms of transportation and mobility.

– The virtual world will blur the strict separation between working and living spaces, improving remote working.

– Dynamic lifestyles will transform the concept of property, favouring the concepts of ‘sharing’ and ‘temporary’. Emblematic is the case of Airbnb, Uber, Couch Surfing, apps that support the modern nomadic lifestyle.

– Housing prices in the city centres are growing exponentially worldwide. This will either bring to the exclusivity of city centres, accessible only to high social classes, or to the shrink of housing size.

In light of this, the new housing will bring to compact developments of micro apartments, developed within multifunctional clusters, micro cities within the metropolitan magma.

Suspended floor

This project is an exploration on flexibility, based of the internal height of the apartment. The requested prototype should have an internal height of  3.0 m. This makes us think that, beside working on traditional sliding walls, we could take advantage of extra space located under an added floating floor.

We provide the dwelling with a suspended, partially movable floor, that in its normal position is lifted 60 cm from the actual structural floor, reducing the standard internal height to 2.40m . When the portions of movable floor are lowered, the dwelling presents internal pits, reaching 3.0 m height. The hollow space below the suspended floor accommodates beds, couches, chairs, provided with wheels for their easy manual sliding.

This system offers the the maximal flexibility when the floor is lifted and all furniture are stored underground. We propose three pits that can be used as 3 bedrooms or 2 bedrooms and one living room. In order to divide the spaces into private rooms, we engineered a system of sliding/rotating closets that can parcel the spaces, while lodging closets, TV, as well as the necessary sound proof partitions between rooms.

To materialize the prototype the market offers sophisticated hydraulic movable systems, as well as simple pulling-ropes systems, adapting to the different budgets from the investors purchasing the patent. Combined with a completely foldable glass façade, the plan allows the maximal flexibility of the apartment, offering an internal open space of approximately 80 sqm. This can additionally be summed to the terrace, reaching a total open space of approximately 130 sqm. Our goal is to offer the possibility to have simultaneously the maximal open space, as well as a normal 3 rooms apartment with kitchen and two bathrooms. Kitchen and bathrooms are packed on one side of the apartment, providing space for all movable furniture in a unique efficient block. The open corner of the flat offers a perfect location for a panoramic Jacuzzi bathtub that in the summer can offer an open air spa experience.

 

居住在大城市

由于当今城市变得越来越大,人们居住在建筑群组中,但工作却在不同的区域中,因此我们的生活方式基于传统的出行模式。

有些人认为城市是一个好的发明。它是可以集合不同的思想,增长当地区域的经济力量和创造多种多样的机会

大量的人口聚集在城市一个建筑群组中生活工作发展经济,使农村变得更空旷。

然而,大部分人还是被大城市所吸引,导致城市大量人口的增加也对新型住在,综合体还有家庭结构的增长有不同的需要。

如果我们去观察在大城市中人们的生活方式,当今我们在生产和消费中所花费的是最多的。每天早晨去公司上班,花几乎整天的时间在办公室,下班后去超市买点市场所需,花费很少的时间与我们的家人在一起。这样的生活方式产生了一个广泛的选择是在满足基本室内空间需求和休息隐秘的情况下,将我们的居住面积竟可能的减小。提高室外的社交活动如:广场 酒吧 餐厅,夜店等

这种室外社交导致了我们居住的空间变得小而优,提供小的厨房空间和生活空间确保住户拥有基本的住宅空间所需:睡眠与休息。

当查看最新的住宅趋势,我们发现多重的生活方式在我们社会中展开。就业市场的发展,从传统的长期就业的工作环境,变为非常鼓励拥有或多个就业创业机会,咨询公司和自由职业者,所有的这些因素都在潜移默化的改变着我们的生活方式。

将工作与居住在同一个空间已经不是一个不可能的现象。远程遥控工作和简单的远程信息处理沟通使在家工作更具有可持续性,因为人们可以大大降低在大城市中上下班交通时间,居住和工作在一个空间还可以最大化地提高工作时间。

我们未来居住会是什么样的呢?它会变成最小化的居住空间,或将人们日常所有必要的空间结合在一起?会是将工作与娱乐结合在一个空间吗?

也许这个疑问的答案是将会转化为一个系统能实现不同的愿望,因此房地产市场将逐步提供必要的灵活性,根据不同居民的具体需求定制每一个住宅单元。

从高层传统居住模式变为loft居住模式,购买者可以在同样的空间来自己制定截然不同的需求方案。如何迎合这种灵活性,使它在技术上智能,经济可持续发展,是未来设计任务的未来

居住在都市

由于当今城市变得越来越大,人们居住在建筑群组中,但工作却在不同的区域中,因此我们的生活方式基于传统的出行模式。有些人认为城市是一个好的发明。它是可以集合不同的思想,增长当地区域的经济力量和创造多种多样的机会。大量的人口聚集在城市一个建筑群组中生活工作发展经济,使农村变得更空旷。然而,大部分人还是被大城市所吸引,导致城市大量人口的增加也对新型住宅,综合体还有家庭结构的增长有不同的需要。

如果我们去观察在大城市中人们的生活方式,当今我们在生产和消费中所花费的是最多的。每天早晨去公司上班,花几乎整天的时间在办公室,下班后去超市买日常所需,花费很少的时间与我们的家人在一起。这样的生活方式产生了一个新的的选择是:在满足基本室内空间需求和休息隐秘的情况下,将我们的居住面积竟可能的减小。提高室外的社交活动如:广场 酒吧 餐厅,夜店等。

这种室外社交导致了我们居住的空间变得小而优,提供小的厨房空间和生活空间确保住户拥有基本的住宅空间所需:睡眠与休息。

当查看最新的住宅趋势,我们发现多重的生活方式在我们社会中展开。就业市场的发展,从传统的长期就业的工作环境,变为非常鼓励拥有或多个就业创业机会,咨询公司和自由职业者。所有的这些因素都在潜移默化的改变着我们的生活方式。

将工作与居住在同一个空间已经不是一个不可能的现象。远程遥控工作和简单的远程信息处理沟通使在家工作更具有可持续性,人们可以大大降低在大城市中上下班交通时间。居住和工作在一个空间还可以最大化地提高工作时间。

我们未来居住会是什么样的呢?它会变成最小化的居住空间,或将人们日常所有必要的空间结合在一起?还是会将工作与娱乐结合在一个空间?

也许这个疑问的答案是将会转化为一个系统能实现不同的愿望,因此房地产市场将逐步提供必要的灵活性,根据不同居民的具体需求定制每一个住宅单元。

从高层传统居住模式变为loft居住模式,购买者可以在同样的空间来自己制定截然不同的需求方案。如何迎合这种灵活性,使它在技术上智能,经济可持续发展,是未来设计任务。

另一个需要考虑的问题是住宅集群的多功能性,为了居民生活提供所有必要的设施。这些功能空间混合在办公空间零售和娱乐设施,如商店、餐厅、健身房、水疗中心,以及文化场所。促使新的房地产开发,复杂的管理和租赁,需要多方投资者参与。它实际上是表明,发展多功能性可以从灵活的组织中受益,为了适应市场的变化,因此开发商不会面临单一投资的风险。混合功能不但减小交通距离,而且利于人的可持续循环,从而减少交通污染和不可持续发展性。

对于未来住宅发展方向的要点:

  • 城市人口的增长将增加住房所需
  • 家庭模式的变化,一人或丁克的家庭数量增长
  • 气候变化和燃料大量使用影响新生活方式,需要走向新的可持续发展的交通方式和流动性。
  • 网络 世界也会影响生活方式,工作和生活空间没有明显界限和提高了家中工作方式
  • 动态的生活方式将改变购买住房的概念,支持共享和临时的概念。具有代表性的应用程序都支持现代流动的新生活方式
  • 城市中心的房价的增长使城市中心具有排他性,非常高的社会阶层的人,或选择住房小尺寸来满足城市中心居住的可能。

在这些方面的影响下,新住房趋势会是发展的微型公寓,在复杂的多功能建筑集群中开发,能够满足日益增长的服务,体育和文化设施。

另一个需要考虑的问题是住宅集群的多功能性,为了居民生活提供所有必要的设施。这些功能空间混合在办公空间零售和娱乐设施,如商店、餐厅、健身房、水疗中心,以及文化场所。促使这种新的房地产开发,复杂的管理和租赁,需要多方投资者参与。它实际上是表明,发展多功能性可以从灵活的组织中受益,为了适应市场的变化,因此开发商不会面临单一投资的风险。混合功能不但减小交通距离,而且利于人的可持续循环,从而减少交通污染和不可持续发展性。

对于未来住宅发展方向的要点:

  • 城市人口的增长将增加住房所需
  • 家庭模式的变化,一人或丁克的家庭数量增长
  • 气候变化和燃料大量使用影响新生活方式,需要走向新的可持续发展的交通方式和流动性。
  • 网络世界也会影响生活方式,工作和生活空间没有明显界限,家中工作方式将提高。
  • 动态的生活方式将改变购买住房的概念,支持共享和临时性。具有代表性的Airbnb, Couch surfing,应用程序都支持现代流动的新生活方式
  • 城市中心的房价的增长使城市中心具有排他性,高的社会阶层的人,或选择住房小尺寸来满足城市中心居住的可能。

在这些方面的影响下,新住房趋势会是发展的微型公寓,在复杂的多功能建筑集群中开发,能够满足日益增长的服务,体育和文化设施。

 

FEZ-BAB JDID-CARPARK

Restricted Competition

Status: THIRD PRIZE

Program: Parking hub, public park and amenities

Total area: 8.4 Ha

Budget: 5,2M €

Client: ADER

Location: Fez, Morocco

Design: 2017/2018

Team: NAUTA architecture & research + Cabinet d’ Architecture et de Design Najiba el Alami Malti

How can we design a parking area capable to be transformed in time, adapting to the future of urban mobility, in which cars will be banned, especially from historical contexts? How can we dignify such an important part of the urban landscape, while supplying a necessary facility to support the access to the Medina and improve the local mobility? How can we design a car centered space, while focusing on sustainable principles that can enhance the environmental quality of the city?

Based on these questions, we thought of a rational structure of parking lots as a structuring pattern for both, the design of the parking, as well as the adjacent park. The area will be very visible from the upper hill of the Medina, making it an important visual scenario from the historical center. This makes its perception very important and delicate.
We structure a pattern of funnel shaped canopies, based on the use of two modules. The canopies contribute to shade the parking lots, especially during the warm seasons. At the same time, being distributed on different terraces, they articulate a sculptural landscape. The canopies, as well as the parking lots, are distributed following a color code according to each parking sector, facilitating the orientation. The tridimensional landscape is integrated to the design of the landscape: the patterns of the canopies and of the trees dissolve into each other, connecting artificial and natural landscape in a unique composition. From the upper Medina, the colorful area assumes the visual power of a land-art composition, where nature and technology create a powerful visual symbol, memory of local traditions, such as the ceramics and the leather tannery.
The canopies are as well integral part of the sustainability strategy; The funnel shape contributes to canalize the rain water into underground collectors, which are connected following the inclination of the terraces. The topography helps to canalize the water to the lower site, where tanks redistribute the water to the park and use it for gardening and public toilets. The flow of water between terraces contributes as well to lower the temperature of the spaces under the canopies during warm seasons, working as a natural cooling system.
Every canopy is equipped with a solar panel, capable to supply energy to the led lights illuminating the canopy; Every canopy becomes energetically autonomous, reducing maintenance costs and promoting a sustainable model to run the parking.
Fez tradition of Andalusian influence is the base of the park design. Following the linearity of the parking terraces and the regular pattern of the canopies, we create a unique composition between parking and green area, echoing the Andalusian influence. The resulting composition makes nature and artifice a unique gesture, broken by the irregular geometry of the archeological ruins crossing the site.
The project envisages a parking complex capable of adapting in time to the new mobility innovations. This is the key starting point to design a space that can host in time different social and commercial functions. For this reason we imagine the linear structure of the parking terraces as capable to host a market or public spaces, a sort of contemporary Medina that can extend the program of the Fes El Bali.

TARANTO-HISTORICAL CENTER RENEWAL

International Competition

FINALIST

Program: Masterplan for the requalification of the historical center of Taranto

Total floor area: 15 ha

Budget: N/A

Client: Comune di Taranto, Invitalia

Location: Taranto, Italy

Design: 2017

Team: Alvisikirimoto, NAUTA architecture & research, Deltastudio, Milan Ingegneria;

consultants: Antonio Calafati (urban regeneration and business development), Christian Iaione (sharing economy, public and urban policy), Francesca Franceschinelli (comunication and culture), Petra Blaise, Jana Crepon (landscape), Enrico Moretti (sustainable mobility), Giuseppina Caroppo (curatorial and art consultant), Cecilia d’ Ercole (archeology), Eloisa Susanna (energy), Costanza La Mantia (participated process), Cristina Alga (community engagement), Luigi Corvo (social and ecology economy, value chain).

 

The island separates the center of the urban life from the area in the north, where the metallurgic factory and the Tamburi district are considered the most problematic for pollution and poor social conditions. For this reason the center has the potential to inject new life on a systemic level in the city. The project is articulated with material and immaterial interventions, with the goal of bringing the island back to a functional and effective performance.

The Basic infrastructural strategy has the goal of making the general infrastructure efficient and modern. His intervention should help the island to get rid of the traffic, coming from its role of connection/crossing. The general decongestion would help as well to re-educate the inhabitants to use new maximized public transport, new alternative transportation (via water) and pedestrian bike circulation. The diffused re-qualifying strategy is partially developed simultaneously to the first one. It includes the punctual restoration of the existing building heritage, the restoration of those structures with artistic and historical value, till the demolition and reconstruction of new parts. This strategy includes as well the improvement of the public spaces and circulation enclaves. The Performing infrastructural strategy focuses mostly on the waterfront and the interventions within the inner fabric (squares, terraces), which will duplicate the pedestrian and circulation apparatus of the island and will unable it to absorb a new cultural program for the long term. The new waterfront infrastructure is light and with a low environmental impact. This strategy wills to limit the physical intervention, leaving space to a rich future curatorial program of events and socio-economic scenarios. The socio-economic strategy is the most immaterial, yet the most important for the long term. Parallel to the precedent interventions, it defines the base for the future evolution of the island and its capability to welcome the new generations. A unique cultural program, developed by a pool of experts, will boost the image of Taranto among the list of the places to visit, contributing to combine micro and macro economy actions. These actions might help, on the long term, to transform the actual industrial paradigm of the city into a new service oriented one.

 

Il centro storico è il filtro tra la Taranto vissuta ed amata dai tarantini (quella del borgo ottocentesco) e quella più discussa dell’Ilva, del quartiere Tamburi, considerato da anni luogo di degrado ambientale e sociale. Il centro storico, come cuore fisico della città, deve tornare ad assumere il proprio ruolo di centro città. Le ragioni di questa perdita di leadership risiedono prevalentemente nel profondo handicap infrastrutturale del centro storico che ha reso l’isola incapace di evolversi con la città, con la sua economia e società. Come un corpo amputato, il centro storico necessita la sua protesi per tornare a correre al lato del resto della città ed a svolgerne il ruolo di cuore culturale ed economico. Per questo il progetto si materializza come processo dinamico, composto da strategie materiali e immateriali, che riportino a lungo termine il centro storico ad una performance adatta alla città contemporanea.

La strategia infrastrutturale di base ha l’obiettivo di rendere il centro storico capace di funzionare in maniera sufficientemente efficiente nell’immediato. Si porta l’isola ad eliminare il traffico dovuto all’infrastruttura insufficiente. Attraverso la fluidificazione dei flussi più aggressivi, si da il via a una nuova fase educativa degli abitanti locali, attraverso l’inserimento di potenziati mezzi pubblici, possibili vie di comunicazione alternative (per esempio via acqua), e la sensibilizzazione all’uso di mobilità pedonale e ciclabile. La strategia risanante diffusa inizia contemporaneamente alla prima fase. Essa comprende il puntuale risanamento della massa edilizia presente nel centro storico, secondo un suo attento cronoprogramma proporzionato allo stato conservativo dei manufatti. Dall’eliminazione di quelli pericolanti, alla ristrutturazione e restauro di quelli di pregio fino alle future nuova edificazione di aree liberate da inutile superfetazioni o edifici non recuperabili. Si includono inoltre gli interventi immediati di ripristino di spazi pubblici e viabilità interclusa che al momento inibiscono ogni possibilità di vivere la città in maniera funzionale. La strategia infrastrutturale performante s’incentra principalmente sul waterfront e sui macro interventi interni al centro storico (per esempio nelle piazze e sulle terrazze) che porteranno l’isola ad usufruire di una nuova infrastruttura efficiente, dal ridotto impatto ambientale, capace di permettere all’isola di accogliere un nuovo programma curatoriale a lungo termine. L’idea di un elemento lineare flessibile permette di pensare ad un’infrastruttura leggera, dal limitato impatto ambientale, dal ridotto budget di costruzione, facile realizzazione in fasi e dalla capacità di supporto al programma futuro. L’obiettivo è di ridurre al minimo l’intervento fisico per lasciare spazio al futuro sviluppo programmatico del programma culturale e socio-economico dell’isola. La strategia socio economica è la più immateriale ma più importante a lungo termine. Spalmata a cavallo delle precedenti fasi e nel futuro, essa getta le basi per un rinnovato funzionamento del centro storico, capace di ospitare le nuove generazioni di tarantini (e non), con nuove idee imprenditoriali. La ri-funzionalizzazione dell’isola permette, attraverso le attività aggiunte, di attrarre nuovi ed eterogenei gruppi sociali, capaci di aggiungersi all’importante strato esistente degli abitanti storici dell’isola. Un ricco programma curatoriale, sviluppato da un gruppo multidisciplinare di consulenti per la municipalità contribuirà a posizionare Taranto sulla lista dei posti in cui la nuova micro economia genera un nuovo paradigma urbano.

SHENZHEN – YANTIAN DIFFUSED HOTEL

International Competition
FIRST PRIZE
Program: Urban re-qualification of the Dameisha urban village, through the introduction of a “diffused hotel”
Total floor area: N/A
Budget: N/A
Client: Yantian local Government
Location: Shenzhen, Yantian district, China
Design: 2016, on going

Within Shenzhen, Yantian plays a specific role, due to its special natural qualities, tourism attractions and proximity to Hong Kong. By looking at the geography of Shenzhen and its landscape conformation, it is evident that Yantian plays an important role in the preservation of natural values, important for the whole metropolitan area. In fact, the presence of the highest mountain within the municipal boundary, as well as the most valuable bathing beach of the city, make this location a top destination for the tourism industry of Shenzhen.

The district hosts some of the oldest urban villages in Shenzhen, base and origin of this city, thus integral part of the cultural and historical evolution of the region. When entering the village from south, Dameisha presents a central area with low density and buildings ranging between one and two floors. The east and west areas present higher density, similar to the dysfunctional urban villages that we find in other parts of the city. The central area, besides presenting lower buildings, is characterized by an irregular pattern of public spaces, more or less defined but definitely more generous than the common narrow alleys. At the moments this sequence of spaces is very disorganized and constantly occupied by parking lots that make the whole area useless for public use. The centre is as well signed by several commercial activities, street food, convenience stores and small entertainment places.

The most interesting feature of this village though is its incredible proximity to the beach, the best bathing place in Shenzhen, as well as being surrounded by almost 200 hotels only in Daimesha district. By analyzing the local tourism offer we noticed how homogeneous it is at the moment, offering very extensive traditional hotel developments with no typology variations. The natural qualities of the area as well as the cultural attractions in the whole Yantian make possible to extend its tourism targets, including younger as well as cultural oriented groups that are interested in the authentic experiences of the place.

Backpackers, tourists well travelled and flexible to adapt to the local conditions, not interested in the global luxury experience of a chain hotel, would be perfect visitors for Dameisha. Its proximity to Hong Kong, as well as its good connection to the beach and the city centre of Shenzhen, could transform this area in the tourism heart of Shenzhen. For this reason our plan proposes to establish in this village a first example of Diffused Hotel, a prototype we believe will be easy to implement by the cooperation of different housing owners. It will be as well the spin off for several activities and cultural events that will transform the area in a new and different city centre.

In our vision Dameisha becomes the centre for many events and business activities: the Bi-City Biennale of Urbanism/Architecture, an Art festival, a fashion event, an Urban Agriculture expo and congress, street food events and many more.

The phasing of the development starts from the free initiative of few owners who would start with a Air B&B formula, promoting via web their rooms and attracting the first tourists interested in the local experience. The second phase, upon success of the first, would include a central reception hall, an associated restaurant and bakery to offer breakfast and meals, as well as more associated rooms. Further phases would extend the rooms stock, as well as the range of services offered by the hotel, such as gym, spa, all rigorously scattered in the village. However the most important effect of the DH in the long term is the renovated sense of community and the spread of common awareness and the collective interest in preserving the décor and the hygiene of the public space, condition for the stable operation of the hotel.

The DH proved as well to become such an important instrument for a positive gentrification, generating as well private housing re-qualification, improving the general performance and look of the villages involved. This could enhance a systemic improvement of the village and its easier integration in the city fabric. This model might help to free the urban villages of Shenzhen from a sad chronic thread of demolition and finally unveil economic opportunities that could save the historical and social heritage of the villages, real soul of Shenzhen city.

BAEXEM – HOUSE K

Extension of detached house
Client: private
Design: 2014
Realization: 2015
Location: Baexem, The Netherlands.
In collaboration with Paul Kierkels
Photography: Bass Gijselhart-Base Photography

In order to be able to continue living in the house when becoming older, the clients’ brief asked for the addition of a sleeping quarter on the ground floor. To maintain an optimal visual relation with back garden, the extension is positioned on the side of the house, using the possibilities of the municipal zoning plan to its limits. The extension is connected with the garage by means of a canopy, covering the new terrace. Between the covered space and the existing house, an intimate patio is created, to let the sunlight flow into the living spaces unobstructed, while contributing to create different green atmospheres in the garden. Plenty of sunlight is added to the original living cluster by adding a generous skylight on the junction between new and old volumes. The materials used in the extension create a discrete dialog with the existing, while declaring with details and geometry their contemporary nature.

THE SUSTAINABLE BUSINESS PARK MODEL

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THE SUSTAINABLE BUSINESS PARK MODEL
Research project presented at the Shenzhen Bi-City Biennale of Urbanism \ Architecture
Status:Complete
Program: International corporation research on the principles of sustainable planning for the future of the “Business Park”
Total area: N/A.
Location: China, USA, Europe
Time: 2013

Since 2011, NAUTA is working on a project for a Business Park in Zhuzhou, China, currently under construction. Parallel to that, NAUTA is working with international comparison on a research project that studies the principles of sustainable planning for the future of the “Business Park”, a typology that is spreading in China, the success of which is too often compromised by radical mono-function­alism and traditional zoning. By comparing examples of International Business Parks, NAUTA demonstrates how planning multifunc­tional districts applying vertical zoning facilitates their long term success, yet helps the natural process of their absorption in the city.
This method of planning implies a constant dialogue between government, planning institutes, with the private investors involved in the actual construction of the city. We believe that good urban design does not necessarily cost to deliver, yet it offers strong competitive advantages; it needs to be spread to those operating across all sectors of the market.
In this process, occupiers nee to be persuaded of the advantages of urban design, since their attitude influences the actions of developers and investors.

Bi-City Biennale of Urbanism \ Architecture links http://en.szhkbiennale.org/News/newsDe.aspx?id=10000527

科技园区规划研究
研究项目,展示于深港城市\建筑双城双年展
美国、欧洲和中国的比较研究,并提出在中国可时续展的商务园区发展模式
地点:中国、美国、欧洲
项目进度:研究完结
时间:2013年

本项目主要研究今后商务园区的可持续发展规划理念。商务园区是当前在中国普遍可见的项目类型,其规划设计常常落入传统区划与单一功能的窘境。通过比较全球范围内商务园区的案例,对于入驻的企业NAUTA展示了复合功能商务园区的规划理念,这将有益于他们的可持续经营,并帮助他们融入城市发展过程中。

开放空间
在欧洲我们鼓励集中建设来减少私有开放空间,为公众提供更多可亲近的绿色空间. 集中公共服务空间及停车空间也能达到这样的目的。在美国促进利用现有绿色用地开发更多的公共空间有助于大面积绿地的利用,避免单纯的大面积纯自然景观。中国的商务园应当从正确的尺度入手解决公共空间的问题。进一步合理分布商务园区的物业应当首先考虑公共空间的分布,其次是办公共空间,并考虑在公共空间中引入更多休闲娱乐功能。

停车设施
集中停车场仍然是最有效的解决方式,因此停车设施应当集中安排,并在需要的时候尽可能建设地下停车场。在过去几年我们的实践经验也告诉我们,集中式停车库并结合多功能开发设计能够有效减少辅助设施对于环境的影响。无论如何,大面积独立私有的停车空间都应当被取消。

绿地空间
绿地空间需要多样化的设计,无论是在中国还是在欧洲和美国。尽管分析案例中绿地尺度都各不相同,但是问题都出在仅仅将私有绿地转变成大面积的公共绿地,仅仅拥有其象征性的功能。公共空间与绿地应当尝试不同类型的设计,从国家公园到城市公园,到绿地广场,到林荫大道,半公共花园,街头小花园等等。

中文影片请参考 http://v.youku.com/v_show/id_XOTExNDI1NDY0.html
2013深港城市\建筑双年展中文报导   http://www.szhkbiennale.org/News/newsDe.aspx?id=10000620

SHENZHEN – INFO STATIONS

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SHENZHEN INFO STATIONS

Commissioned consultancy
Status: On going.
Master plan for the distribution of new info stations in the city centre of Shenzhen
Program: analysis of the human flow and commercial behaviour of shoppers. Qualification and distribution of new digital info points based on China mobile data.
Total site area: NA
Location: Shenzhen, China
Year: 2014

In the 1st phase we suggest to choose three most populated commercial areas respectively located in Nanshan, Futian and Luohu districts.

Mixc city as one of the most successful commercial complex generates a great lively atmosphere reaching Kingkey 100 to the north and Renming nan commercial center to the east. Based on the commercial activity scope, we suggest spreading the info station along Jiabin Rd. Shennan Avenue and Buji River, serving surrounded commercial area.

Futian shopping park is a mega commercial area connecting Futian CBD and Futian railway station, major commercial activities occur around big shopping centers and exhibition area. Based on commercial activity, we suggest distributing info stations along Fuhua Rd. to connect commercial spots, offices and high-speed railway station.

Coastal city in Nanshan district as a new built commercial center and most important service area in west Shenzhen, generates commercial activities reaching as far as west of Haiya stores and Shenzhen bay stadium to the East. Based on commercial scope we suggest distributing info station linearly along commercial facilities, and setting up more in Houhai center which is under construction.

In first phase there would be around 250 to 300 info station to be put in use. The proposed area to distribute info stations in the future could be tourist-concentrated OCT area, East gate commercial area, Baoan center and airport area, etc.

 

深圳商业街公共空间数码信息站

委托项目
状态:进行中
内容:深圳商业街公共空间数码信息站规划研究,分析商业区购物者人流和购物行为,根据中国移动的电信数据和分布位置进行量化研究,第一期预计设置250个数码信息站。
项目地点:中国深圳
设计时间: 2014

在第一阶段,将设置约250到300的数码信息站。我们建议数码信息站今后可以在旅游集中华侨城片区,东门商业区,宝安中心区和机场地区使用。我们建议选择位于南山区,福田区和罗湖区3个人口最稠密的商业区。

罗湖区万象城作为最成功的商业综合体带动京基金融中心周边活跃的商业气氛。根据商业活动范围,我们建议数码信息站应延著嘉宾路,深南大道和布吉河设置,服务周边的商业区。

福田购物园是一个大型商业区连接福田商务中心区和福田火车站,主要的商业活动是在大型购物中心和展览区周边。根据商业活动行为,我们建议将数码信息站沿着福华路设置,以连接商业点、办公室和高速铁路车站。

南山区的海岸城作为一个在深圳西边新兴的商业中心和最重要的商业服务区,带动的商业活动直抵海雅和深圳湾体育中心的西边地区。根据商业活动范围,我们建议数码信息站应线性延著商业设施设立,特别在后海中心多设置一些。

我们建议数码信息站今后可以在旅游集中华侨城片区,东门商业区,宝安中心区和机场地区使用。

 

BEIJING – PRODUCTIVE VOIDS

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Research study in Beijing Design Week 2014
Status: On going.
Urban study for the agriculture intensification of the Beijing inner areas, and the introduction of a new policy for maintenance of generic green voids in the city.
Program: agriculture, horticulture, hydroponic, aguaponic, indoor farming
Total site area: N/A
Location: Beijing
Year: 2014
In cooperation with TENIO academy Tianjin

In Beijing an unstoppable de¬crees of the actual arable land in south and east of the city, areas currently used as arable land and rapidly under urban¬ization because of the develop¬ment trajectory that connects Beijing with Tianjin.
To dealing with the increasing amount of migrants in big cit¬ies, the national government issued policy on small-middle sized town urbanization and development in western Chi¬na to balance the big migrants burden over costal area, while local governments like Shang¬hai, Beijing, Guangzhou and Shenzhen, claimed the indus¬try upgrading policy, intend¬ing to avoid the arrival of low-educated migrants in favor of high-end educated human resource. If we refer to the an¬nual demography report of these cities, there is still a no¬table increase on migrants and the average education level of these migrants is still below the average level of registered citizens.
Measurement ranged from protecting basic cultivated land to encouraging higher productive local agriculture projects, not only to ensure enough local food, but also to simplify the circulation pro¬cess and shorten the distance for food transportation, thus reducing pollution.

In the urban area of Beijing, within the 6th ring, we propose a process of agricultural completion of the urban voids. The urban structure of Beijing is well known worldwide for its humongous scale. Urban blocks, infrastructure and neighborhoods create a ‘giga city’, where everything is oversized, especially when compared to the historical city. In this context we have found large portions of ‘left over’ green, especially the one close to infrastructural nodes and fly-over, which for their size can easily be transformed into agricultural banks.
By mapping those areas we realized the size of this rescued land and its capability to become a food reserve for thousands inhabitants. These voids are used mostly as decorative green without any use and, most of all, they do not offer any social use because of their lack of accessibility.
We collected more than 70 cases with different dimensions, amounting all together to more than 6 millions sqm.

北京空隙里的生产力
都市研究案, 2014北京国际设计周
研究新的空间政策在北京都会区内闲置空地实现农业集约发展,并维持都市的生态系统的可能性。
内容:农业、园艺,水耕栽培,室内养殖
项目地点:北京,中国
设计时间: 2014
与天津天友集团合作研究

中国地区观赏影片请点 http://v.youku.com/v_show/id_XOTExNDM2NzA0.html
2014北京设计周 Nauta architecture & research 专访总监建筑师 MAURIZIO

NAUTA正在发掘中国城市基本干预措施对农业集约化的城市景观的潜力。我们相信, 通过完成城市空间或规划新的广泛的领域,城市设计可以提供美丽的社会领域以及为人口不断增长的中国提供额外的食物银行。为了测试北京荒地重新使用的可能性,NAUTA开始与天津天友集团的顾问合作。
快速都市化让天津和北京将结合成一个更大的都会区,因此城郊的耕地面临剧烈都市化压力,北京南部和东部的郊区的实际耕地总面积正剧烈下降,为了解决三线以上的城市大量增加移民人口的问题,中央政府颁布中小型城鎭城市化政策以及西部都市化发展以分担沿海城市大量的移民压力。而地方政府如上海,北京,广州和深圳,则主张产业升级政策,以避免低学历的移民过度消耗高端教育资源。
观察这些城市的年度统计报告将发现,低教育水平的移民族群数量有一个显着的增加,这些移民的平均教育水平仍然低于注册公民。估计从保护基本农田和鼓励高生产当量的农业发展项目,不仅要保证充分供给当地食物,也简化了物流过程,缩短食品运输的距离,从而减少污染。

在北京市区第六环内,我们提出了一个在城市的空地里完成农业生产过程的概念。北京的大尺度城市结构是举世皆知的。巨大的城市街区,基础设施和社区产生一个“超量体城市,在那里一切都是特大号,尤其是和历史老城相比。我们收集了70多例不同案例,总空地面积超过6百万平方米,我们发现城市的空隙间还有一些剩馀的绿色空间,尤其是那些基础设施节点之间的空隙,数量之多著实已足够支撑作为食物银行的食物生产地。
通过在地图上标记绘制这些地点,我们才理解这些城市的”空隙”实际面积之大,有潜力解放目前闲置使用的困境甚至提供数千居民粮食的储备能力。这些空地通常只是无生产功能的装饰性绿地,最重要的是,这些绿地不具有任何社交功能,因为它们根本无法徒步抵达缺乏可及性。